I have been arguing for several years that jurisprudence scholars should draw on recent findings in evolutionary biology and the cognitive sciences. The discoveries in these fields have helped us better understand how the brain works and how morality developed. Any jurisprudence scholar who ignores these fields does so at the risk of making fundamental errors. jurisprudence

Alan Calnan has written an article that draws on these fields to go beyond jurisprudence

“The answer, it turns out, is everywhere. To comprehend the nature of law, we must grasp the complex natural systems that inform and transform it. For this to take place, jurisprudents foremost must abandon dualism, clinch holism, and expand their methods of examination. As an alternative to choosing between philosophy or science, they are obliged to practice consilience.” jurisprudence



“Consilience is the amalgamation of an acquaintance across all intellectual disciplines. . . . Just as a leaf cannot be understood apart from the chemical processes of the tree, the law cannot be understood apart from the complex systems that brought it into being.”

“With consilience’s insights, these systemic forces quickly snap into sharp focus. We finally see that rule is the culmination of three natural phenomena: intricacy, complementarily, and harmonization dynamics . . . law is equally undyingly grounded in human temperament, and constantly adapting to collective and cultural progress.” jurisprudence

“In fact, the law is in authenticity just the mirror representation of its human creator–a complementary collection of problem-solving systems dynamically coordinating and reconciling their antagonistic tendencies in pursuit of survival and flourishing.”


“This piece of writing takes an original approach to legal theory. This is because it views the law as part of a multifaceted natural system; it uses intricate systems hypothesis as to its central investigative structure. contrasting traditional jurisprudence, which separates human artifacts from scenery, convolution theory shows that human and natural systems are mutually dependent. Such systems can’t be studied in seclusion, but necessitate consilience. Consilience unites acquaintance from the natural sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities. By absorption consilience with convolution theory, the article moves beyond jurisprudence toward “resilience.” jurisprudence

Jurisilience shows that law is a multifaceted cultural system caused by complex social systems of assistance. Yet the law is not just a social production. Law’s tree of causality has biological roots. Human social practices derive from complex psychological systems that kindle empathy and trust. These systems, in turn, come into view from complex neural and inherent systems that propagate man’s egotistical and social instincts. According to convolution theory, system pressures operate both within and between man’s developmental tiers, triggering attitudinal and behavioral changes that run not only from individuals up to societies and culture but in addition back down into the human being genome. In this way, the law is both everlastingly grounded in human nature and continuously adapting to social and cultural advancement. jurisprudence

Like all usual systems, man’s systemic cycles are governed by harmonization dynamics. Though human beings seek preservation instinct, they possess complementary but conflicting properties that jeopardize their survival. Coordination dynamics reconcile such conflicts. Our natural systems coordinate our physical functions and psychological drives, whereas our social and cultural systems organize our relationships with other people. As a cultural organization, our officially authorized system stands above society, stabilizing the unrelenting discord below. But the law never loses its human footing. If truth be told, the law is really just the mirror representation of its human creator – a balancing collection of problem-solving systems dynamically coordinating and reconciling their aggressive tendencies in pursuit of survival and flourishing.” jurisprudence

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I could go on and on quoting gems from the article, but it is time to stop.


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